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14 Dec 2017

Quality Assurance in The Six State Islamic Universities in Indonesia Developing a Desirable Model of Quality Assurance for Islamic State Universities

Jejen Jaenudin, 2016
University of New South Wales


In this study I address the problem of developing a model of quality assurance that is appropriate for Indonesia’s six State Islamic universities. The motivation for undertaking this study is based on the writer’s experience working in the quality assurance division at one of the State Islamic Universities. Such a model needs to be highly contextualized, beginning with a discussion of developments in Indonesia’s higher education accreditation system, followed by a brief overview of government university policy and regulations and a discussion of quality assurance in non-educational contexts and in higher education in some other jurisdictions. Because Indonesia is an Islamic state, further context is provided in locating university institutional policy in the adjudication of both vocational and Islamic priorities. There is also a discussion of Islamic accounts of leadership. The research undertaken works within a modified framework of institutional theory, deriving and analysing data from three levels via document analysis and interviews: the MACRO level of government, mainly the Department of National Education, the Department of Religious Affairs, the National Accreditation Board, and religious leaders; the MESO level of the leadership at each of the six universities in the study, including all six Rectors; and at the MICRO level of departmental leadership and policy. This analytical framework allows for understanding the links between policy development, policy interpretation and policy implementation. The model therefore deals with quality assurance at all three levels, especially focusing on governance at these levels and leadership. The most controversial aspect of the model is its recommendation concerning the relationship between Islam and science. It recommends that the scope of Qur’an interpretation exclude science, arguing that quality processes for scientific research need to conform to the usual standards of international refereeing that apply to top academic journals, international conferences, and grant awarding bodies.

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